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Title: Decontamination of Pangasius fish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) with chlorine or peracetic acid in the laboratory and in a Vietnamese processing company
Authors: Tống, Thị Ánh Ngọc
Lý, Nguyễn Bình
Haute, Sam Van
Sampers, Imca
Devlieghere, Frank
Samapundo, Simbarashe
Heyndrickx, Marc
Keywords: Pangasius
Peracetic acid
Wash water
Issue Date: 2015
Series/Report no.: International Journal of Food Microbiology;208 .- p.93-101
Abstract: This study evaluated the decontamination of Pangasius fillets in chlorine or peracetic acid treated wash water. First, the decontamination efficacy of the washing step with chlorinated water applied by a Vietnamese processing company during trimming of Pangasius fillets was evaluated and used as the basis for the experiments performed on a laboratory scale. As chlorine was only added at the beginning of the batch and used continuously without renewal for 239 min; a rapid increase of the bacterial counts and a fast decrease of chlorine in the wash water were found. This could be explained by the rapid accumulation of organic matter (ca. 400 mg O₂/L of COD after only 24 min). Secondly, for the experiments performed on a laboratory scale, a single batch approach (one batch of wash water for treating a fillet) was used. Chlorine and PAA were evaluated at 10, 20, 50 and 150 ppm at contact times of 10, 20 and 240 s. Washing with chlorine and PAA wash water resulted in a reduction of Escherichia coli on Pangasius fish which ranged from 0–1.0 and 0.4–1.4 log CFU/g, respectively while less to no reduction of total psychrotrophic counts, lactic acid bacteria and coliforms on Pangasius fish was observed. However, in comparison to PAA, chlorine was lost rapidly. As an example, 53–83% of chlorine and 15–17% of PAA were lost after washing for 40 s (COD = 238.2 ± 66.3 mg O₂/L). Peracetic acid can therefore be an alternative sanitizer. However, its higher cost will have to be taken into consideration. Where (cheaper) chlorine is used, the processors have to pay close attention to the residual chlorine level, pH and COD level during treatment for optimal efficacy.
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