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Title: Assessing cocoa aroma quality by multiple analytical approaches
Authors: Trần, Diễm Phương
Trần, Nhân Dũng
Walle, Davy Van de
Clercq, Nathalie de
Winne, Ann de
Kadow, Daniel
Lieberei, Reinhard
Messens, Kathy
Dewettinck, Koen
Durmeb, Jim van
Keywords: Aroma
Issue Date: 2015
Series/Report no.: Food Research International;77 .- p.657–669
Abstract: In this study the quality of 26 fermented cocoa beans from 4 different countries (Vietnam, Indonesia, Peru and Ghana) is assessed by means of both a compositional analysis (amino acids, reducing sugars, polyphenols and lactic acid) and profiling of their volatile aroma composition (Mass Spectrometry (MS)-fingerprinting and Headspace-solid Phase Micro-extraction-Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC–MS)) following high roasting processing (30 min at 150 °C). Compared with the labour-intensive measurement of cocoa precursors,MS-fingerprinting on the cocoa headspaces appeared to be a very powerful and fast classification technique. Different cocoa groupswere researched having unique organoleptic characteristicswhichwere affected by fermentation, roasting conditions and geographical origin. A clear separation of fine flavour cocoa (Criollo variety), well fermented/roasted cocoa and lowquality cocoa could bemade. Additionally, the clusteringwas confirmed by more conventional HS-SPME-GC–MS aroma analyses on the cocoa samples. Several markers for the bean origin/quality were identified. Roasting degrees were also calculated based on typical pyrazine ratios.
Appears in Collections:Tạp chí quốc tế

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